Pug

Pug

Weight
14-18 Pounds
Height
10-13 Inches
Lifespan
12-15 Years
Exercise
30-60 Minutes Daily

Overview

Weight
14-18 Pounds
Height
10-13 Inches
Lifespan
12-15 Years
Exercise
30-60 Minutes Daily

The Pug as breed was bred specifically to be the perfect little companion. These entertaining little dogs love nothing more than to be in the company of their owner or family and don’t like being left home alone. They are often referred to as clowns due to their hilarious personalities and need to show off.

These little guys are great for pet owners with small homes because they are pretty relaxed indoors and don’t need a lot of room to run around. This characteristic, coupled with their low maintenance needs makes the pug a great dog for first-time dog owners and older people.

When adopting a pug, be prepared to do lots of extensive potty training. They can be quite stubborn but arte adored regardless due to their playful, affectionate nature. Pugs are perfect for anyone looking for a small dog with a big personality.

The pug is a small, but solidly built breed, characterized by a flat, black wrinkled face with a short muzzle and a tail that curls up and over the hip. Pugs have a slight underbite, which is due to the lower jaw extending out slightly further than the upper jaw.

Pugs In Your House

These wonderful creatures have small soft black ears and a faint dark line along the spine from head to tail. They were bred to be companion dogs and don’t do well being left alone for long periods. They can be quite difficult to potty train, but make excellent house dogs once they’ve learned.

Pugs prefer to be the center of attention and can get quite depressed if ignored. These dogs are generally described as quiet, but they can be good watchdogs when the need calls. If well socialized, they get along well with children and other animals. Pugs are the friendly family dog you have been looking for.

History

Pugs have been around for millennia. Originally bred in China as pets for royalty, these friendly pooches can be traced back well over 2000 years. These dogs were prized and lived in luxury, often guarded by soldiers.

The breed also gained popularity in the 1500s in parts of Asia such as Tibet before being brought to Europe by the Dutch. The Dutch traders, reportedly, named the Pug Mopshond, a name that can still be heard today.

Pugs became very popular with European royalty and played an especially big role in the House of Orange in Holland. It became the official dog of the House of Orange after saving the life of Prince William. The pug reportedly warned the prince of Orange that the Spaniards were attacking in 1572.

When Prince William of Orange (later known as William III) went to England to assume the monarchy in 1688, he and his wife Mary II brought their Pugs with them. Their actions started a Pug craze among the British.

Other famous Pugs are Marie Antoinette’s Pug named Mops which she owned before marrying Louis XVI at the age of 15 and Josephine Bonaparte’s Pug named Fortune which carried messages for her family from her prison cell in Les Carmes prison before she married Napoleon Bonaparte.

Pugs became a standardized breed in England with two dominant bloodlines in the early 1800s. One line was created by Queen Charlotte, wife of Goerge III, and called the Morrison line. The other, called the Willoughby line, was created by the Willoughby d’Eresby’s lord and lady, by using imported dogs from Russia or Hungary. 

In 1861 Pugs were exhibited in England and 66 Pugs were added to the first studbook that began in 1871. Pugs became extremely popular in the Netherlands and after being introduced to Britain, where the love for this breed was shared, pugs are known to have become the favorite breed of Queen Victoria.

Black Pugs became fashionable after being brought back from China in 1886 by Lady Brassey. Pugs were introduced to America after the Civil war in the United States. The pug was officially accepted by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1885. A few years later the Pug Dog Club of America came into existence and was officially recognized by the AKC in 1931.

Health

Unfortunately, as with all breeds, pugs are not immune to health problems, and there are some conditions that can affect your pet quite seriously. Here are some of the health conditions you should be aware of:

  • Eye prolapse

Unfortunately, this distressing condition is most popular in short-faced (brachycephalic) dogs like pugs. This condition is usually brought on by trauma and requires medical treatment as fast as possible.

In most cases, the dog will not lose the affected eye but a full recovery of eyesight only occurs in around half of all cases. Treatment is through surgery and the use of antibiotics to prevent infection.

  • Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common condition affecting mans’ best friends. While more commonly associated with large and giant breeds, pugs are in fact the second most highly affected dog breed, with more than 60% of individuals developing this condition.

Fortunately, pugs rarely require surgery for the treatment of this condition and the single most important prevention is keeping these dogs in good shape by avoiding overfeeding. 

  • Skin fold dermatitis

Unfortunately, those lovely dark wrinkles on your pug’s face will require some special care. The warm, moist conditions between the skin folds are perfect breeding grounds for yeast and bacteria to grow.

This condition can be identified by an unpleasant smell, yellowish discharge, and inflamed skin in and around the wrinkles. Take care to keep the skin between your pugs face clean and dry, particularly after bathing, to prevent flare-ups.

  • Demodectic mange

This condition is caused by a proliferation of the demodex mite, a parasite present on all dogs. In cases where a dog’s immune system is compromised, these mites may affect areas all over your precious Pug’s skin, causing redness, hair loss, and irritation. 

  • Stenotic nares

This is another condition that most often affects the brachycephalic breeds. Unfortunately, quite a large proportion of pugs are born with stenotic nares or pinched nostrils.

Dogs with pinched nostrils struggle to draw enough air into the lungs. This condition may not seriously affect pugs until their adult years and in many cases, surgical intervention may not be necessary. Non-surgical treatment basically revolves around not restricting your pet’s ability to breath in any other ways, like excessive exercise, the use of collars, and overfeeding which results in obesity. 

  • Pharyngeal gag reflex

This condition, also known as reverse sneezing, is particularly common in brachycephalic dogs like the pug. It generally is not particularly serious and resolves itself within minutes but can be quite traumatic for the dog and owner.

Reverse sneezing is a spasming of the soft palate caused by irritation and presents with the dog elongating its neck, expanding its chest, and making upsetting honking and breathing noises. If this happens regularly or begins to happen more frequently to your pug, consult your vet for further advice.   

Interesting Facts

  • Pugs were the favorite pet of Queen Victoria.
  • In 2004, a pug by the name of Double D Cinoblu’s Masterpiece won best in show at the prestigious world dog show.
  • Frank, the alien from the Men In Black movies was portrayed by a pug named Mushu.
  • Three or more pugs is a grumble. That’s right, grumble is the official collective noun for pugs.
  • Pugs are an ancient dog breed, dating back over 2000 years.

Photos of Pug

Here are some Bernese mountain dog photos for you to get a good picture of the breed.
NAMES BY BREED

Pug Names

Female, Male, Inspired by size or by coat color

Jude

Patrick

Boomer

Del

Snoop

Baloo

Raf

Kathleen

Buster

Kate

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