Rottweiler

Rottweiler

Weight
80-130 lbs
Height
22-27 Inches
Lifespan
8-12 Years
Exercise
1-2 Hours Daily

Overview

Weight
80-130 lbs
Height
22-27 Inches
Lifespan
8-12 Years
Exercise
1-2 Hours Daily

Initially, the Rottweiler was bred to drive cattle to the market. Later on, they were used by butchers to pull carts and are among the earliest police dogs. They have been known to serve with honor inside the military and are also famous family friends and guardians.

The dogs are strong and intense, requiring professional training and care. Energetic pet parents will find this dog breed to be a faithful and intelligent friend for life. The dog grows to between 22 and 27 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs between 85 and 130 pounds. They have a lifespan of between 8 and 11 years and are always calm and confident when bred well. Even though they might be aloof towards strangers, they are never fearful or timid. Whenever new people confront them, they display a wait-and-see attitude.

As they are lovingly known, Rotties have a natural protective instinct for their families and are known to get ferocious in their defense. Early socialization is needed to channel this protectiveness and power. With consistent training, they can become reliable guardians.

A Loyal Family Pet

If you are firm and consistent, you will find the Rottweiler to be highly trainable and intelligent. They also require several 20-minute walks or exercises daily. Their double coat means that they will shed heavily during the spring and fall. For the rest of the year, the shedding will be moderate. Most of them snore and will overeat when their food intake is not being monitored.

Always look for a reputable breeder that has tested their breeding dogs to ensure they are free of genetic diseases that can be passed on to their puppies. As such, you will get a healthy dog that you can comfortably keep and take care of without worrying about costly medical expenses that might arise if the dog has inherited genetic diseases from its breeding parents.

History

Rottweilers are a descendant of the Molossus, a mastiff-type dog. The Molossus marched to Germany with the Romans, herding the cattle that sustained them while conquering the known world. As the Army moved, the big dogs mated with native dogs, laying the foundation for newer breeds.

The Romans set up colonies in southern Germany to take advantage of the soil and climate ideal for agriculture. The Roman Baths were later excavated more than 600 years later, inspiring a town named das Rote Wil (the red tile).

Over time, Rottweilers flourished as a breed and they drove cattle to the town butcheries. They were also used to keep money safe.

The Rottweiler and Leonberger Club were founded in 1901 when the first Rottweiler breed standard was written. The club was formed to safeguard the welfare and purity of the Rottweiler breed.

With time, breeders began to focus on the breed’s appearance. Breeding records were organized with the standards intended to preserve the working qualities of the Rottweilers. German Rottweilers are slightly larger than American ones. During World War I, Rottweilers were employed as messengers, guard dogs, and ambulances dogs by the German Army. At the end of the war, the dog could no longer be traced.

The first post-war Rottweilers were brought to the UK by Captain F. Roy Smith of the Royal Veterinary Corps in 1953. A lot more were imported from Europe, and breeding was started. It was only in 1965 that the UK Kennel Club registered the Rottweiler as a breed.

They also started being used for police work, a role for which they were ideally suited. Today, Rottweilers rank 17 out of 155 breeds that the AKC registers.

Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems which puppies inherit. Any breeder that does not offer a guarantee of health on puppies is best avoided. A reputable breeder should be open and honest about all the breed’s health problems and any incidences that have occurred in her lines.

Rottweilers are prone to a whole lot of health problems. For instance, they are the one breed that is most affected by hip dysplasia. The condition ranges from mild to severe, with the extreme cases being harrowing and need surgery. They also lead to arthritis in the later age of the dog.

Elbow dysplasia and osteochondrosis of the shoulder and knee are also known to occur in the breed. Rottweilers can also develop progressive retinal atrophy, eyelid deformities, cataracts, and other eye problems.

The breed is also known to develop heart problems which include subaortic stenosis and cardiomyopathy. The condition causes the aorta to narrow and causes a slight murmur. SAS can lead to sudden death no matter the age of the dog and should be regularly checked.

Rottweilers are also prone to other conditions such as Von Willebrand’s disease, Addison’s disease, hypothyroidism, gastroenteritis, and a high cancer rate. The conditions are not easily detected in a growing puppy, hence looking for a reputable breeder. The breeder should produce the certification that the parents of the dog had already been screened for the defects. Breeding healthy parents is the only sure way of getting healthy puppies that do not have genetic conditions.

Before Rottweilers can be entered into the Canine Health Information Center, they are required to first get a clearance from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation, hip and elbow evaluations, and an OFA cardiac exam. The OFA and CHIC websites can be used to check whether the parents of the puppy are listed.

 

Interesting Facts

  • It is believed that the sturdy dogs are descendants of drover dogs from Ancient Rome. They were used to herd animals, pull carts of meat, and guard homes. They were perfected in Germany, where they were interbred with local dogs to create the Rottweiler we have today. With railroads and paved roads changing the way livestock was brought to the market, these dogs were no longer needed. The breed was out of a job and almost vanished altogether. However, a small group of breeders fought hard to keep them, and they eventually found a place in the military and the police in the 20th century.
  • The Rottweiler is currently the 10th most popular breed in the United States. They are, however, not recommended for households that have elderly or young children. The breed is always black and only has brown markings on its faces, chest, and paws. These brown spots are available in three variations: tan, rust, and mahogany.
  • Rottweilers have a mighty bite and have jaws stronger than pit bulls and German shepherds. Their bite force is half that of a shark. Training is always necessary for the breed and ensures that they grow accustomed to their owner. They are powerful dogs and need to have enough training to control their power. Thankfully, they are easy to train, and when you start with a puppy, you get to keep them in line throughout their lives.
  • Once used as guard dogs, the Rottweilers are very loyal dogs. They form powerful bonds which enable them to know the difference between a friend and a foe. They cannot tolerate staying alone and will always enjoy the company of others.

Photos of Rottweiler

Here are some Bernese mountain dog photos for you to get a good picture of the breed.
NAMES BY BREED

Rottweiler Names

Female, Male, Inspired by size or by coat color

Angel

Elektra

Storm

Zelda

Boomer

Gizmo

Joker

Nitro

Pyro

Tank

Wags

Bolt

Jolt

Pepsi

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