Staci is a writer living in Atlanta, Georgia. When not writing, she spends most of her time trying to keep up with her four rescue cats and Australian shepherd puppy.

A Complete Guide To The Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Jul 16 ·

If you’re looking for a big dog, the Caucasian shepherd dog is about as big as you could get. These giants make great livestock guardians, and are beautiful. With their massive stature and huge fluffy coats, they are truly amazing animals.

As with any dog breed, however, they do require a bit of preparation beforehand. It could be argued that a Caucasian shepherd dog needs more than most due to their size and needs.

Where To Get A Caucasian Shepherd Dog

When purchasing any purebred dog from a breeder, the best indicator that the breeder is legitimate is AKC registration. Registering a dog with the AKC means they’re legitimately purebred. However, there are other things to look out for. Via…

It’s better if you can visit the breeder in their home and see where the puppy is being raised. However, since breeders of Caucasian shepherd dogs are pretty rare, you might need to have the puppy shipped to you or use a flight nanny. If this is the case, just make sure you do all of the research you can to make sure the breeder is legitimate.

This includes asking to talk to people with other puppies from the breeder to make sure they had a good experience, ensuring health checks are done on the parents, ensuring the puppy has their shots up to date and has been looked at by a veterinarian, and making sure you get the puppy no earlier than eight weeks old.

If you see someone advertising Caucasian shepherd dogs on social media or Craigslist with a cheap price, don’t purchase them. These dogs are rare, and it’s unlikely that person is genuine, as tempting as the cheap price might be.

You may occasionally come across one in a legitimate rescue, but the rescue will likely have strict standards about where that dog can go.

The Cost

The cost very much depends on the breeder and pedigree line, but you could be paying anything up to $3000 or more for a Caucasian shepherd dog. That means you should budget for this, and might have to do a bit of saving if you’re truly committed to the breed!


With their majestic fluffy coats and intimidating stature, Caucasian shepherd dogs are very recognizable. Perhaps the thing you’ll notice first every time is their sheer size. Females are smaller than males, but these dogs can get up to 220lb and even at their smallest, they’re well over 100lb.

They come in a variety of colors.


Because they’re a guardian breed, they tend to be loyal, fierce, and protective. That means it could be difficult to bring new people around them, so try to socialize them well as a puppy so they associate new people with good things.

They can be a little difficult to train, but this is not down to a lack of intelligence. Quite the opposite. Caucasian shepherd dogs are very smart but very independent, which means it’s hard to motivate them for obedience training. You should make sure your land is fenced in, as they may never have a reliable recall.

They will, however, do wonders for protecting you and your livestock, and they truly bond with their families.


The food needs of this breed are not insignificant, and they need thousands of calories a day and a lot of nutrition. Some people love raw diets, and this is fine for your shepherd, but you should do your research about their nutritional needs if you choose to feed raw.

Kibble is fine as long as it’s high-quality, and it should be specifically formulated for a large breed of dog. Make sure to look up the reviews and ingredients, and ask your vet about the brand you choose. They’ll be able to advise you if it’s suitable for your giant. Grain-free foods have been linked to heart disease in dogs, so you should avoid them.

Caucasian Shepherd Veterinary Needs

Since you should be picking your puppy up after eight weeks old if the breeder is responsible, they may already have had their first set of shots. If not, they’ll be due for them right away.

Puppies get shots every eight weeks, for three or four rounds. This protects them against parvovirus and other deadly diseases. They’ll then need to be checked up on every year and have their booster shots administered.

Because they’re large dogs, they may be prone to hip dysplasia, so you should be careful about their exercise needs. This is especially important when they’re young. Your vet can look out for any signs of this at appointments.

If taking out pet insurance, find a policy that covers hip dysplasia, as not all of them do. This may come in handy later.


Because of their massive coat, you should take care when it comes to mats. They’ll need to have their coat regularly brushed and trimmed, though it’s not necessary to shave these dogs. Some people do in summer, but their coat actually helps them in the heat.

They’ll also need their claws trimmed, ears cleaned, and teeth brushed regularly.

So, do you think a Caucasian shepherd dog is right for you? You should think carefully about this decision, as these dogs can be hard to handle and are very independent. Still, if you put in the work, socialize them, and keep them up to date on veterinary appointments, they can make truly wonderful guardians!

Staci is a writer living in Atlanta, Georgia. When not writing, she spends most of her time trying to keep up with her four rescue cats and Australian shepherd puppy.
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